Standar Nasional Pendidikan Tinggi

Standar Nasional Pendidikan Tinggi

Standar Nasional Pendidikan meliputi ; Standar isi, Standar Proses, Standar Kompetensi Lulusan, Standar Pendidikan dan tenaga kependidikan, standar sarana dan prasarana, standar pengelolaan, standar pembiayaan dan standar penilaian pendidikan.
SKL atau Standar Kompetensi Lulusan adalah bagian dari Standar Nasional Pendidikan yang merupakan kriteria kompetensi lulusan minimal yang berlaku di seluruh wilayah hokum Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia (NKRI).
Fungsi utama SKL yaitu : kriteria dalam menentukan kelulusan peserta didik pada setiap satuan pendidikan, rujukan untuk menyusun standar pendidikan lainnya, serta arah peningkatan kualitas pendidikan.

Secara terperinci, fungsi dan tujuan standar nasional pendidikan adalah sebagai berikut :
1. Sebagai dasar dalam perencanaan, pelaksanaan, dan pengawasan pendidikan dalam rangka mewujudkan pendidikan nasional yang bermutu.
2. Bertujuan menjamin mutu pendidikan nasional dalam rangka mencerdaskan kehidupan bangsa dan membentuk watak serta peradaban bangsa yang bermartabat.
3. Untuk disempurnakan secara terencana, terarah dan berkelanjutan sesuai dengan tuntutan perubahan kehidupan local, nasional dan global.
A. Pembagian Standar Nasional Pendidikan terdiri dari :

1. Standar Kompetensi Lulusan

• SKL Satuan Pendidikan & Kelompok Mata Pelajaran
• SKL Mata Pelajaran SD-MI
• SKL Mata Pelajaran SMP-MTs
• SKL Mata Pelajaran SMA-MA
• SKL Mata Pelajaran PLB ABDE
• SKL Mata Pelajaran SMK-MAK

2. Standar Isi
Dalam pengembangannya, Standar Isi telah dikembangkan oleh BNSP dan menjadi Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional (Permendiknas) Republik Indonesia Nomor 22 Tahun 2006 tentang Standar Isi untuk suatu pendidikan dasar dan menengah.
Standar isi adalah cakupan materi dan tingkat kompetensi untuk mencapai komptensi lulusan pada jenjang dan jenis pendidikan tertentu
3. Standar Proses
Standar proses adalah standar nasional pendidikan yang berkaitan dengan pelaksanaan pembelajaran pada satuan pendidikan untuk mencapai standar kompetensi lulusan, hal ini sebagaimana yang dicantumkan dalam PPRI Nomor 19 Tahun 2005 tentang Standar Nasional Pendidikan, Pasal 1 ayat 6.

4. Standar Pendidikan dan Tenaga Kependidikan
Standar pendidikan dan tenaga kependidikan adalah kriteri pendidikan prajabatan dan kelayakan fisik maupun mental, serta pendidikan dalam jabatan

5. Standar Sarana dan Prasarana
Standar ini merupakan standar nasional pendidikan yang berkaitan dengan kriteria minimum tentang ruang belajar, tempat berolahraga, tempat beribadah, perpustakaan, laboratorium, bengkel kerja, tempat bermain, tempat berkreasi dan berekspresi serta sumber belajar lainnya.

6. Standar Pengelolaan
Standar Pengelolaan adalah standar nasional pendidikan yang berkaitan dengan perencanaan, pelaksanaan, dan pengawasan kegiatan pendidikan pada tingkat satuan pendidikan, kabupaten/kota, provinsi atau nasional agar tercapai efisiensi dan efektivitas penyelenggaraan pendidikan
7. Standar Pembiayaan Pendidikan
Standar pembiayaan adalah standar yang mengatur komponen dan besarnya biaya operasional satuan pendidikan yang berlaku selama satu tahun. Biaya operasional pendidikan adalah bagian dari dana pendidikan yang diperlukan untuk membiayai kegiatan operasi satuan pendidikan agar dapat berlangsung kegiatan pendidikan yang sesuai dengan standar nasional pendidikan secara teratur dan berkelanjutan. Dalam rinciannya biaya operasional terdiri dari biaya investasi, biaya operasi dan biaya personal.

8. Standar Penilaian Pendidikan
Standar Penilaian adalah proses pengumpulan dan pengolahan informasi untuk mengukur pencapaian hasil belajar peserta didik, sedangkan evaluasi pendidikan adalah pengendalian, penjaminan, dan penetapan mutu pendidikan terhadap berbagai komponen pendidikan pada setiap jalur, jenjang dan jenis pendidikan sebagai bentuk pertanggungjawaban penyelenggaraan pendidikan.

B. Fungsi dan Tujuan Standar Pendidikan

a. Standar Nasional Pendidikan berfungsi sebagai dasar dalam perencanaan, pelaksanaan, dan pengawasan pendidikan dalam rangka mewujudkan pendidikan nasional yang bermutu
b. Standar Nasional Pendidikan bertujuan menjamin mutu pendidikan nasional dalam rangka mencerdaskan kehidupan bangsa dan membentuk watak serta peradaban bangsa yang bermartabat.
c. Standar Nasional Pendidikan disempurnakan secara terencana, terarah, dan berkelanjutan sesuai dengan tuntutan perubahan kehidupan lokal, nasional, dan global.

Daftar Pustaka
http://viendutzz.blogspot.co.id/2009/11/bab-i-pendahuluan.html
#catatanperibadi/dasar-dasarpengembangankurikulum

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